English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 4. Adjective (Cont'd...)


    4.2 Use of Adjectives (cont'd...)

  • When it denotes a title. Charles the second.
  • In certain phrase: from the time immemorial, letter patent, president elect.
  • In poetry: “Listen, listen, ladies gay
  • 4.3 Comparison of Adjectives

    To make comparison, the forms of adjectives are changed. When there is no comparison or unlikeliness simple form of adjective is used and it is in positive degree. For example Ram is as tall as Shyam. But when the comparison is made between the two in degree, the adjective is used in comparative degree. Ram is taller than Shyam. But when comparison is made among more than two or many persons or things, the form of adjective used is in superlative degree. Ramchamdra is the most meritorious of our students. He is the tallest boy in the class.

    In case of all adjectives of one syllables, and some adjectives of two syllables ‘er’ or ‘r’ (if there is ‘e’ at the end) is added at the end to make comparative degree and ‘est’ or ‘st’ is added to make superlative degree. For example, have a look on the Table 4.1.

    Table 4.1 Examples of superlative degree

    Positive Comparative Superlative
    low lower lowest
    hard harder hardest
    small smaller smallest
    tall taller tallest
    sweet sweeter sweetest
    young younger youngest
    high higher highest
    clever cleverer cleverest

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