Chapter 5. Adverb
Let us consider the following sentences:
- Iusuf Pathan batted marvelously.
- The train runs fast.
- The super train runs very fast.
- He unfolded the umbrella exactly over my head to protect me from rain.
- The bagger was sitting almost outside the door.
- This sum can be worked out more easily.
- The grandmother told me very interesting story.
- I rebuked him simply because he disobeyed his mother.
- Unfortunately the student failed in the examination.
- Thrice Hurray!
- The train arrived a few hours after its arrival time.
In (a) `marvelously' qualifies the verb ‘batted’;
in (b) `fast' qualifies the verb ‘runs’;
in (c) `very' qualifies the adverb `fast'; in (d) `exactly' qualifies the preposition ‘over’;
in (e) ‘almost’ qualifies the preposition ‘outside’; in (f) the adverb ‘more’ qualifies
the adverb ‘easily’; in (g) ‘very’ qualifies the participle ‘interesting’; in (h) ‘simply’ qualifies
the conjunction ‘because’; In (i) ‘unfortunately’ qualifies the whole sentence;
in (j) ‘thrice’ quantifies the interjection ‘Hurrah’; in (k) `a few hours', an adverbial
phrase quantifies ‘after’.
Thus an adverb may be defined as a word that qualifies any part of speech except
a noun or pronoun, and it can quantify even a sentence.
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