English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 5. Adverb


    5.1 Introduction

    Let us consider the following sentences:
    1. Iusuf Pathan batted marvelously.
    2. The train runs fast.
    3. The super train runs very fast.
    4. He unfolded the umbrella exactly over my head to protect me from rain.
    5. The bagger was sitting almost outside the door.
    6. This sum can be worked out more easily.
    7. The grandmother told me very interesting story.
    8. I rebuked him simply because he disobeyed his mother.
    9. Unfortunately the student failed in the examination.
    10. Thrice Hurray!
    11. The train arrived a few hours after its arrival time.

    In (a) `marvelously' qualifies the verb ‘batted’; in (b) `fast' qualifies the verb ‘runs’; in (c) `very' qualifies the adverb `fast'; in (d) `exactly' qualifies the preposition ‘over’; in (e) ‘almost’ qualifies the preposition ‘outside’; in (f) the adverb ‘more’ qualifies the adverb ‘easily’; in (g) ‘very’ qualifies the participle ‘interesting’; in (h) ‘simply’ qualifies the conjunction ‘because’; In (i) ‘unfortunately’ qualifies the whole sentence; in (j) ‘thrice’ quantifies the interjection ‘Hurrah’; in (k) `a few hours', an adverbial phrase quantifies ‘after’.

    Thus an adverb may be defined as a word that qualifies any part of speech except a noun or pronoun, and it can quantify even a sentence.

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