English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 6. Articles


    ‘A’, ‘an’, and ‘the’ - these three adjectives are called articles. ‘A’ and ‘an’ do not particularize any person or thing. So they are called indefinite articles. But ‘the’ is definite article, as it means a definite person or thing, i.e. it particularizes the person or thing. Generally the articles take the place before common noun (countable noun) or adjective.

    6.1 Use of indefinite articles

    ‘A’ is generally used before:

  • Nouns begin with a consonant. a boy, a dog, a tree, etc.
  • Nouns begin with such vowels as have the sound of ‘yu’. Examples: a University, a unit, a union, a European, a ewe, etc.
  • Nouns or adjectives begin with ‘o’ and where it is sounded as ‘oa’. Example a one rupee-note, a one-eyed man, etc.
  • Before sound ‘h’. For example, a hotel, a hope, a horse, a hospital etc.
  • Before dozen, hundred, million, and thousand.
  • In the sense of every. For example: A triangle has thee sides.
  • In the sense of any or single. As example: There is not a man in the street.
  • In the sense of all. For example: A dog (it means all dogs) is a faithful animal.
  • In the sense of the same. Example: Birds of a feather flock together.
  • In the sense of certain. Example: A Mr. Bose came to see me.
  • In the sense of each or per. Example: She gets six hundred rupees a month.
  • In the sense of ‘one like’. He thinks, he is a Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
  • After such, quite, many and rather etc. As examples: I have never seen such a man like you. He is rather a fool. Many a sleepless night have I spent.

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