Chapter 11. Clause (Cont'd...)
11.2 Subordinate clause
Now if you look at the clause ‘he will go to Calcutta on Sunday next’, the clause is
dependent on the first and it occupies the place of object to the verb ‘says’. In this
way, dependent clauses or subordinate clauses depend on the principal clauses for
their existence and relate to the principal clause. Sub-ordinate clauses are classified
into three groups according to their function or relation to the principal clause or
part of the Principal clause.
Sub-ordinate noun clause
Sub-ordinate adjective clause
Sub-ordinate adverb clause
11.2.1 Noun clause
The noun clause performs the function of a noun and it is introduced by conjunction
‘that’ (which is sometimes omitted) or by some interrogative words like how/ why/
what/ when/ where/ whether/ whence etc.
A Noun can act as a subject of a verb, an object of a verb, an object to a preposition,
a complement of a verb or in apposition to a noun or pronoun. There are five
parts that a noun can play in the sentence. So if a sub-ordinate clause can play any of
these parts, it can be called as a sub-ordinate noun clause. Now, we list few examples
to understand it clearly.
1. The following examples demonstrate, how a noun clause can be used as a subject
to a verb. The words under italics represent a noun clause which is subject of the verb written just at
the end of the clause. Please note that the noun clauses
are the answer of the questions to the verb with who/what.
(a) That he is intelligent is beyond my doubt.
(b) Why he did so is a mystery.
(c) What cannot be cured must be endured.
(d) Where he has gone is not known to us.
(e) When the debris of the plan will be found is uncertain.
(f) When he will reach there depends on smooth plying of the bus.
(g) Who has done this is still mystery.
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