English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 11. Clause (Cont'd...)


    11.2.1 Noun clause (cont'd...)

    5. In apposition to a noun or it:
    (a) The news that he started for England gave me great pleasure.
    (b) The rumor that M.G. Road has been blocked is false.
    (c) The report that the prisoners broke away the jail came late.
    (d) The political leaders got an information that the election would be held soon.
    (e) It is true that he made a chaos in the class.
    (f) The prime minister has assured us that the inflation will be strictly checked.

    In the above examples, we see that the noun and apposition noun clause are the same. The meaning of the clause is just revelation of the fact or idea the noun bears. It is just the idea, covered with a cloth that has taken out to reveal the idea and the clause exposes it. Some students mistake them as adjective clauses. But it may be remembered that they are not adding something to the meaning of the nouns and so they are not functioning like an adjective.

    There are certain noun clauses, used in the objective case, governed by adjectives. Such as:
    (a) I am sure(of) that I am speaking the truth.
    (b) He is confident(of) that he will pass in the examination.
    (c) Is he aware(of) that he will loss his chance of winning the game.

    11.2.2 Adjective clause

    The adjective clause does the function of an adjective i.e. adding something to the meaning of a noun or a pronoun particularizing the noun. An adjective clause is generally introduced by a relative pronoun (sometimes it is omitted), or by a relative adverbs like when, where, why, such as, etc. and they take place just after the nouns which they qualify. The nouns are called as antecedents. Here we list few examples of adjective clauses.
    (a) I know the students who stood first in the annual examination.
    (b) The book which was brought yesterday has not been found in the self.
    (c) I know the place where the poet Tagore was born.
    (d) The police could not find out the reason why the man was murdered.
    (e) There is no man but does not love his motherland.
    (f) Find out the way how the sum can be worked out.
    (g) The boy who did the wrong must be scolded.
    (h) The book that you gave me is very interesting.
    (i) This is the pen that I gave you.

    It must be remembered that when the clause does not define or restrict the sense of the antecedent, it is not an adjective clause. If it express continuative sense, it is considered as co-ordinate clause. For example: I went to the M.L.A, who (and he) promised to help me to continue my studies.

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