English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 16. Conjunction (Cont'd...)


    16.3 Subordinating conjunction

    Subordinate conjunction may denote the following things:

    (a) Time: Till, until, after, before, when, since etc. are the example of subordinating conjunctions representing time. Have a look on the sentences constituted with them.
    When it is raining, I take shelter under a shed.
    I have been living at Kolkata since my father came here.
    Wait until I come back.

    (b) Cause: Since, as because, etc. are the examples of such class. Examples of the sentences with sub-ordinate conjunction representing causes are:
    As he is ill, he is absent.
    Anybody can trust him since he is honest.

    (c) Effect: He tells a lie so often that nobody can believe him.
    I am so weak that I cannot walk.

    (d) Purpose: He worked hard in order that he might stand first.

    (e) Condition: If, if not, unless, that, in case, as if, provided, etc. are the examples of such conjunctions. Few examples of such type of conjunction in sentences are provided below.
    If it rains, I shall not go out.
    Unless you help me, I shall fail.

    (f) Manner: As if, as though, as-so, etc.
    He spoke as if he were a lord.

    (g) Comparison:
    Ram is taller than Shyam.
    He is as poor as his brother.

    (h) Apposition:
    He communicated us through telephone that he had arrived safely.

    (i) Concession:
    The young man could not earn much, however hard he worked.
    Although/ though/ even though/ even if I cannot like him, as a man, I should be polite.
    whatever I do, I shall not expose it now.
    Whoever you may be, you cannot be allowed there.

    (j) Doubt:
    I wanted to know whether he would go there.

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