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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 16. Conjunction (Cont'd...)


    16.4 Correlatives

    There are some correlatives i.e. the use of one always needs the use of other. Such as either ... or, neither ... nor, not only ... but also, etc. In framing the sentences with correlatives, we should keep in mind that if either/neither/not only etc. follows the verb, or/ nor/ but also will also follow the verb. Similarly if first part of the correlatives preceded by the subject, the last part will do the same. So bottom line is, “each member of the correlatives shall follow the same part”. Please observe the following examples:
    You can have either soup or fruit juice.
    Either he or his brother will do the sum.
    He will either do the sum or read the story book.
    He will read either History or Geography.
    The room was neither large nor bright.
    Neither you nor he is to blame.
    He will neither praise me nor blame me.
    Neither threat nor arguments had any effect on him.

    Note 1: Here one thing is to be remembered again that singular subjects joined by either ... or, neither ... nor, take singular verbs and pronouns. For example:
    Either he or his friend is to blame.

    But when the subjects are of different numbers the plural subject is placed next and the verb will be plural.
    For example: Either he or his friends were present there.

    Note 2: When the subjects are of different persons, the verb agrees with the subject nearest to it. For example:
    Either you or I shall have to take the responsibility of this act.

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