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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 1. Letter, Word, Sentence (Cont'd...)

    letter word sentence

    1.1 Introduction (cont'd...)

    Again, when we systematically arrange some words one after another, it can express a full idea of mind. Such as God is good. It can express a complete meaning. It is called a sentence. So sentence is a well combination or arrangement of words expressing a complete sense. If the arrangement lacks a complete sense, it cannot be a sentence. Table 1.1 provides some examples of sentences or not.

    Table 1.1 Example of sentences or not

    Collection of words Sentence or not
    Ram is the son of Dasharath. Yes
    The son Dasharath Ram is No
    We have a play ground. Yes
    We play ground have. No

    Now we see that there are some rules to make this arrangement, i.e. construction and science of the sounds and inflations. All these together is called grammar. In a book of grammar of any language, all those rules are laid down.

    1.2 Subject and predicate

    If we consider a sentence as a unit of complete sense of a speaker, this unit can be parted into two. One is subject and the other is predicate. Generally in a sentence something is said about someone or something. What is said is the predicate and about whom it is said is subject.

    Man is mortal. In this sentence something is said about man. So ‘man’ is the subject and what is said about man is ‘is mortal’. Here ‘is mortal’ is predicate. Thus predicate is a part where something is stated about the subject. The subject consists of one or more than one word. The predicate also may be of one or more than one word. For few more examples look at the table 1.2.

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