Chapter 1. Letter, Word, Sentence (Cont'd...)
1.3 Classification of sentences (cont'd...)
3. Imperative sentences: When anybody wants to express request, order, advice,
command, this type of sentences is spoken or written.
Please lend me your book.
Go there at once.
Don’t run in the sun.
4. Optative sentence: Here we find that someone expressing his wish or blessing
May God bless you.
Long live our president.
5. Exclamatory sentence: Here we see that the speaker or writer is expressing his
certain emotions. It may be joy or sorrow, or anger or hatred, or wonder or
something else. This sentence is almost always accompanied with interjection/
exclamatory words like hurray, ah, oh or something like that.
Bravo! we have won the game.
What a beautiful the Taj is!
How sensitive the young man is!
Again From the point of view of the construction, the sentences can be classified
into three groups. 1. Simple, 2. Complex, 3. Compound.
1. Simple sentence: Take the sentence: Ram is ill. This sentence has only one
subject i.e. `Ram' and one finite verb `is'. It’s construction is very simple. This
is called simple sentences. Here we cannot find any other subject or finite verb.
A simple sentence can be divided into two parts: (i) subject, (ii) predicate.
When we see that something is said about someone or something. About whom
something is spoken is called the subject and what is spoken is called as predicate.
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