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English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Letter, Word, Sentence
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  • Chapter 1. Letter, Word, Sentence (Cont'd...)

    letter word sentence

    1.4 Forms of the sentences (cont'd...)

    To find out the different parts of the sentence, finite verb or verb may be considered as the root or the word to start with. If we draw the finite verb amusingly by the ear and make him/her stand before these questions like who, what to do, whom, what, how, where, when, why ; the parts of the sentences can be identified easily.

    Let us take an example of a large simple sentence. In an winter night, in an old beautiful hut, an old and infirm grandmother was interestingly telling her grand children the delightful stories of Mahabharata, the great Indian epic, to teach them morality and spirituality.

    In this sentences, the finite verb is ‘was telling’. Now question it with the followings:

  • Ask the finite verb by who. The answer is ‘an old’ and ‘infirm grandmother’.
  • Ask it by whom. The answer is ‘her grand children’.
  • Ask it by what. The answer is ‘the interesting stories of the Mahabharata’, ‘the Indian epic’. Here ‘the Indian epic’ is an epithet; so it goes with it.
  • Ask it by how. The answer is ‘interestingly’.
  • Ask it by where. The answer is ‘in an old beautiful hut’.
  • Ask it by when. Answer is ‘in an winter night’.
  • Ask it by why. The answer is ‘to teach’. Ask the verb ‘teach’ by what. The answer is ‘the morality and spirituality’.
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