Chapter 9. Mood and Modal Verbs (Cont'd...)
9.2 Modal verbs (cont'd..)
Must have no other form. It denotes only present and future time. It may used to express:
- physical or moral necessity:
We must eat to live. (physical necessity)
The citizen must obey the laws of their country. (moral necessity)
- obligation or fixed determination:
The students must get up early in the morning.
The beggars must not be choosers.
Dare is used in two senses. One is to challenge, and other is to take venture.
The past form of dare is dared/ durst.
In the sense of challenge it is used in all moods and tenses. It is followed
by infinitive to in affirmative sentences. As for example:
The soldiers generally dares to fight.
In the sense of taking venture, it is used without infinitive to in the negative
and interrogative sentences. As for example:
I dare not fight with you.
He dare not take any step in this matter.
Need can act both as an auxiliary and as an ordinary/ principal verb.
As an auxiliary it has both forms of modal (mode of applying) and ordinary verb. As a modal, its forms
for all persons in the present and future tense are need or need not/needn't. As for example:
In Bengal, we needn't to wear a coat except in winter.
Need I tell him?
The verb need has an auxiliary, rare used in the affirmative sentence.
As an ordinary verb, when need means to want it has all forms in tenses and
moods. Such as: A patient needed/ needs/ will need rest.
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