Chapter 13. Narration (Cont'd...)
13.2 Rules for narration change (cont'd...)
Let us observed the following sentences as for the examples. Please try to
correlate how the Tables 13.1 - 13.4 are used to change a sentence from direct
speech to Indirect speech.
Direct narration: Ramu says, “Shyam is a good boy”
. Here ‘Shyam is a good
it is in the quoted marks. It is an assertive sentence. So we will change it
accordingly to the table of the assertive sentence. In indirect narration the sentence
will be, Ramu says that Shyam is a good boy.
Here, we see that reporting
remains the same as the chart allows it. Then the quotation marks
and comma after reporting verb are removed and to connect the first part i.e.
with the second part ‘Shyam is a good boy’
is placed after
the reporting verb. No other changes are necessary here according to the
tables. Let us see another example as follow:
Direct: Hari says, “I am ill and weak.
Indirect: Hari says that he is ill and weak
Here ‘I’ refers to Hari, third person singular number, masculine gender and
nominative case. So the pronoun ‘I’ has been changed into ‘he’ as it refers to
Hari. Let us take another example:
Direct: Nabin says, “My mother teaches me Bengali.
Indirect: Nabin says that his mother teaches him.
Please note that here ‘my’
has been changed into ‘his’
changed into ‘him’
according to person ‘Nabin
’ speaking. Now let us take
Direct: The king said to his minister, “We are the body guards of this kingdom.
Indirect: The king told his minister that they were the body guards of that kingdom.
Here we note the change of reporting verb from ‘said’ to ‘told’, connective
‘that’, ‘we’ to ‘they’ and ‘are’ to ‘were’ (according to the rules of sequence of
tenses) and ‘this’ to ‘that’ (i.e. from near sense to far sense). If we minutely
observe the tables, we might have no obstacle to understand the changes. In this
way we are to follow the changes in the examples of different cases.
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