Chapter 13. Narration (Cont'd...)
13.3 Assertive sentences
Take more examples for assertive sentences:
Direct: Shyamal will say, “I have done this work.”
Indirect: Shyamal will say that he has done that work.
Direct: He said, “My sister is singing a song.”
Indirect: He said that his sister was singing a song.
Direct: Mother said, “God is merciful.”
Indirect: Mother said that God is merciful
Direct: The boatman said, “It will rain tomorrow.”
Indirect: The boatman said that it would rain the following day.
Direct: The doctor said to them, “The man dies last night.”
Indirect: The doctor said to them that the man had died the previous night
Direct: He said to me, “I was reading a drama yesterday.”
Indirect: He told me that he had been reading a drama the previous day/ the
13.4 Interrogative sentences
Direct: He said to me, “Are you ill ?”
Indirect: He asked me if (or whether) I was ill.
Here reporting verb ‘said’
has been changed into ‘asked’
and instead of that
connects the two parts of the sentence as the interrogative sentence does
not begin with W/H. We note that interrogative sentence becomes assertive in
Direct: He said to me, “Will you go home on Saturday?”
Indirect: He asked me if (or whether) I should go home on Saturday.
Direct: I said, “Why do you put this question to me?”
Indirect: I asked why he put that question to me.
(Here connective is not needed)
Direct: He said to me, “What was your intention?”
Indirect: He asked me what my intension was.
Direct: He said to me, “Who are you?”
Indirect: He asked (inquired of) me who I was.
Direct: He said to me, “What makes you laugh?”
Indirect: He asked me what made me laugh.
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