Chapter 13. Narration (Cont'd...)
13.7 Exclamatory sentence
Direct: The children said, “How happy we were there!”
Indirect: The children exclaimed that they had been very happy there.
Direct: He said, “Alas! what a pitiful sight it was!”
Indirect: He exclaimed with sorrow that it had been a great pitiful sight.
Direct: He said to me, “What a beautiful garden it is!”
Indirect:He told me with joy that it was a very beautiful garden.
Here please note that the exclamatory word ‘alas’ has been removed with
‘with sorrow’. Practically during narration change all exclamatory words must
be removed. Some other words expressing their meaning and the exclamatory
sentence will be transformed into assertive sentence. The Table 13.5 - 13.6
express the exclamation sense.
Table 13.5 Exclamation sense
| Ah || regret
| Hurray || joy
| Tut-tut/bosh/fool/fie || contempt
| Ah/ alas/alack || sorrow
| Ugh ||disgust
|Pooh/pshaw || ridicule
|Ha ha || amuse
| Bravo/capital || applause
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