Chapter 17. Participles and Gerunds
When the verbs participate in the function of a verb as well as an adjective,
they are called participles.
“A rolling stone gathers no moss”.
Our teacher is a learned man.
comes from the verb roll
is the past participle
form of the verb learn
. Both of them are participles.
There are two forms of participles:
(i) the present or imperfect participle formed by adding ‘ing’ to the verb.
For example: leading, learning, swimming, singing etc.
(ii) The past or perfect participle formed by adding ‘d’, ‘ed’, ‘t’, ‘n’, ‘en’.
For example: learned, burnt, known, broken, proved, etc.
17.1.1 Use of participles
A participle can be used as:
(i) attributively, i.e. before the noun.
A burnt child dreads the fire.
the old man needs a walking stick.
This is a charming scenery.
The old man was tired.
The scenery is charming.
Supposing this to be true, the Pancha Pandavas went out for finding Droupadi.
Writing the letter, he posted it.
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