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English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Chapter 17. Participles and Gerunds (Cont'd...)

    participle

    17.2.1 Rules of using gerunds (cont'd...)

    (iii) Examples of some verbs followed by gerunds:
    He admitted taking the money.
    He anticipate delaying the practice.
    He appreciate working fast.
    Avoid overeating.
    Would you consider selling the property.
    The judge deferred the case to hearing next week.
    I detect writing letters.
    I dislike working late.
    She dreads getting cold.
    Do you enjoy teaching?
    He escaped from falling down.
    You have no excuse for being late.
    Finish doing it.
    Forgive me ringing you up so early.
    They involved curtailing part of the fund.
    I can’t understand his/him leaving his wife.
    I could not help laughing.
    I appreciate you giving me so much of your time.
    I cannot stop him writing to the papers.

    17.3 Verbal noun

    The verbal noun is a noun only in the form of verb +ing. It is practically preceded by the and followed by of, by which it is distinguished from gerunds.
    Reading low novels is generally discourage. (gerund)
    The reading of low novels is generally discouraged. (verbal noun)

    Remark 1: Certain participles (ex: considering, judging, concerning, regarding, respecting, talking, speaking, assuring, according to, owing (to) ) acquire the character of preposition or adverbs, no longer needing the prop of a noun to cling to.
    Considering the circumstances, you were justified. Roughly speaking, they are identical.

    Remark 2: Finally we are to remember, “though the infinites and the gerunds are almost synonyms and though both can be used as nouns, English idioms require the use of the gerund in some cases and the use of the infinitive in other cases. Neither of them can be used indiscriminately. It is a custom, not of grammar, but of idiom”

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