English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 2. Parts of Speech (Cont'd...)

    parts of speech

    2.2 Noun (cont'd...)

    1. Proper noun: The name of a particular person, time or place is called proper noun. For example: Ram, Calcutta, India, Sunday etc. It begins with the capital letter in any place of the sentence they exist.
    2. Common noun: It is the name of living or non-living objects in general. Such as man, cow, bird, tree, star etc.
    3. Collective noun: It is a group of same class of animals or things as a whole or denoting one not separately. such as: class, fleet, army etc. Here the class comprises more than one persons, fleet comprises more than one ship, army comprises more than one warrior. If they denote separately in the group then they are called noun of multitude, and they denote plural in number.
    4. Material noun: It is the name of matter denoting the whole, not a part. Such as water, rice, iron, silver, gold etc. All these denote the matter wherever it is found. When they are specified by place, they are called common noun and take the article the before them.
      The water of the Ganges.
      The iron of America.
      The gold of this ring.

    2.3 Pronoun

    Pronoun is a substitute word of replacing noun. It is used in stead of a noun. As for example, I am sorry. Here, there is a name behind ā€˜Iā€™, and the pronoun ā€˜Iā€™ is placed in stead of this name. We site so many pronouns here like I, we, you, he, she, it, they etc. More elaborate discussion is placed on chapter 3.

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