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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 2. Parts of Speech (Cont'd...)

    parts of speech

    2.4 Adjective

    Adjective is a qualifying word of noun and pronoun. It adds something to the meaning of a noun or a pronoun. It may be called as describing word. As for example: The rose is red. Here `red' is an adjective, as because it describes the colour of the rose. When we say, Ram is honest. The word ‘honest’ expresses something more about the noun ‘Ram’. For more elaborate discussion, readers are refereed to chapter 4.

    2.5 Verb

    Verb is a word of action. It is an word used for predicating i.e. predicating something about the subject. As for example, Ram reads a book. The word reads denotes what Ram does i.e. his act. So it is a verb.

    Verbs are classified into different categories from different angle of their function and vision. Firstly, they are two types from the angle of function (a) principal and (b) auxiliary. The verb that can do main action are principal and the verbs that helps other to form and express their time of action (tense, and mood) are auxiliary. Such as: The boys are playing. ‘Play’ denotes the main action and ‘are’ is helping to form the tense. So ‘play’ is principal verb and ‘are’ is auxiliary.

    Again verbs are of two types form the angle of ability to complete the sense/action. Ramachandra came here to meet me. Here ‘came’ is finite verb for it can complete the sense but ‘to meet’ is non finite verb that cannot govern the subject and cannot complete the sense

    Again from the point of having object or not, they are of two types. The verbs having object are called transitive. As: He gave me a book. The verbs having no object are called intransitive. He sleeps. Intransitive verbs do not require other word or words to complete the sense. Some transitive verbs require additional word or words to complete the predicate. These verbs are called factitive verbs and the require additional word or words are called complement. For example: The students elected him their captain. Here the verb ‘elected’ is a factitive verb and ‘their captain’ is complement or factitive object.

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