Chapter 2. Parts of Speech (Cont'd...)
Adjective is a qualifying word of noun and pronoun. It adds something to the meaning
of a noun or a pronoun. It may be called as describing word. As for example: The
rose is red.
is an adjective, as because it describes the colour of the rose.
When we say, Ram is honest
. The word ‘honest’
expresses something more about the
. For more elaborate discussion, readers are refereed to chapter 4
Verb is a word of action. It is an word used for predicating i.e. predicating something
about the subject. As for example, Ram reads a book. The word reads denotes what
Ram does i.e. his act. So it is a verb.
Verbs are classified into different categories from different angle of their function
and vision. Firstly, they are two types from the angle of function (a) principal and
(b) auxiliary. The verb that can do main action are principal and the verbs that helps
other to form and express their time of action (tense, and mood) are auxiliary. Such
as: The boys are playing. ‘Play’ denotes the main action and ‘are’ is helping to form
the tense. So ‘play’ is principal verb and ‘are’ is auxiliary.
Again verbs are of two types form the angle of ability to complete the sense/action.
Ramachandra came here to meet me. Here ‘came’ is finite verb for it can complete the
sense but ‘to meet’ is non finite verb that cannot govern the subject and cannot complete
Again from the point of having object or not, they are of two types. The verbs
having object are called transitive. As: He gave me a book. The verbs having no object
are called intransitive. He sleeps. Intransitive verbs do not require other word or
words to complete the sense. Some transitive verbs require additional word or words
to complete the predicate. These verbs are called factitive verbs and the require
additional word or words are called complement. For example: The students elected
him their captain. Here the verb ‘elected’ is a factitive verb and ‘their captain’ is
complement or factitive object.
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