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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 2. Parts of Speech (Cont'd...)

    parts of speech

    2.5 Verb(cont'd...)

    Some intransitive verbs do not make the predicate complete without any additional word or words. These intransitive verbs are called copulative verbs, and the required word or words are called complement. Consider two examples: (i) The girl has fallen sick. (ii) Tom is a lier. Here the words ‘sick’ and ‘lier’ are complements.

    2.6 Adverb

    Adverb is a modifying word of verb, adjective and adverb itself. Take an example of a sentence. The train is running fast. Here the word ‘fast’ modifying or expressing the manner of the verb ‘running’. So it is an adverb. Again if we modify the above sentence and write, the train is running very fast. In this sentence, the word ‘fast’ is adverb and the word ‘very’ expressing the degree of fastness of the word adverb ‘fast’. This will be discussed elaborately on chapter 5.

    2.7 Preposition

    Preposition is a word that makes relation between nouns and pronouns. As for example: The book is on the table. Here ‘table’ and ‘book’ make a relation with the preposition ‘on’. Rahim sits beside him. Here ‘Rahim’ and ‘him’ make a relation with ‘beside’. It will be discussed elaborately on chapter 15.

    2.8 Conjunction

    Conjunction is a word that connects some other words, phrases, or clauses taking both left and right or right only or left only. So conjunction bridges between words, phrases or clauses. For example Ram and Lakshman went to the forest. Here ‘and’ connects two proper nouns ‘Ram’ and ‘Laksman’. Conjunctions, their classifications, uses etc. are discussed in chapter 16.

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