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English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
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  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 8. Person and Case (Cont'd...)

    person

    8.2 Case

    Case is the forms or position of noun or pronouns in the sentence that shows its relation to other words in the sentence. Let us consider the following sentence: Oh, Mother, when will you serve me your delicious items on the table. Here ‘mother’ stands as the addressed, ‘you’ stands as the subject of the verb ‘will serve’, ‘me’ stands as the direct object and ‘your’ stands as the processor of ‘item’ and ‘table’ stands as the object of the preposition ‘on’.

    So cases are of four kinds: 1. nominative case, 2. objective case, 3. possessive case or genitive case , 4. case of address / vocative case.

    Thus ‘Mother’ is the vocative case (nominative of address). ‘You’ is the nominative case because it is the agent or doer of the verb 'will serve', and it is the answer to the question by who to the verb ‘will serve’. ‘Me’ is the objective case as it is the answer to the question by whom to the same verb and it refers to person. So it is dative. ‘Item’ is the objective case as it is the answer of the question by what to the verb ‘will serve’ in the same sentence, and it is also called accusative, as it is the direct object. ‘Yours’ is the possessive / genitive case as it denotes ownership and the answer of the question by whose. It is also called as adjective case as it has generally an adjective force.

    To find the nominative case put the question who (in case of person) or what (in case of animal or inanimate object) before the verb and the answer goes with the nominative case. Practically the subject of the verb and the answer here goes with the nominative case.

    To find out the objective case, put the question whom or what before the verb and the answer is in the objective case. In case of question with what, we should mind that the answer must not be the doer.

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