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English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Chapter 15. Preposition (Cont'd...)

    preposition

    15.3 Position of preposition

    A preposition generally takes place before noun or pronoun or its equivalent words it governs. It can also be followed by verbs but then the verb must be in the gerund form (i.e. verb+ing). For example: I am in Calcutta while she was at Noida. Jack and Jill went up the hill. Then the convict was thinking of escaping.

    In formal English, preposition is placed at the end of the sentence, when interrogation sentence begins with whom/ which/ what/ whose/ where. For example:
    To whom are you talking?
    In which room does he keep his T.V. set?

    But in informal English they are placed at the end. Such as;
    Who are you talking to?
    Which box have you kept it in?

    The same case happens in relative clauses beginning with whom/ which. Then the relative pronoun is often omitted. Such as:
    The boy with whom I was talking.
    The boy whom I was walking with.

    In case of phrasal verbs the preposition remains after the verbs. For example: The nurse is looking after the baby.

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