English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
  • Adverb
  • Articles
  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
  • Phrasal verb
  • Exercise
  • Correction
  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 14. Punctuation (Cont'd...)


    14.3 Colon

    The colon (:) denotes a longer pause than the semicolon. It marks a pause in thought while a full stop marks the complete close of a thought. There is no fixed rules to use it. It may be used at the writer's discretion. However it is generally used in:

    1. Between two sentences bearing a contrast in their ideas but not connected by a proper conjunction.
      Man proposes: God disposes.
      Speech is silver: silence is golden.
      “Rebuke thy son in private: public rebuke hardens the heart.”
    2. Introducing a quotation, a list, or catalogue:
      He asked: “who’s there.”
      So says Swami Vivekananda: “Truth does not pay homage to any society, ancient or modern. Society has to pay homage to Truth or die.”

    14.4 Full Stop or Period

    The full stop (.) is a mark of completion of a sentence when it is assertive or imperative or optative. It is used at the end of the sentence. It is also used in exclamatory sentence when interjection is separated with the note of exclamation(!).
    “Every evolution presupposes an involution”.
    “ Teach them that they are all glorious children of immortality in manifestation.”
    Long live our king.
    “ And alas! We are traders in love”.
    Oh, the devil’s world!

    The full stop is also used in abbreviation and contraction. For example: A.D., M.Sc., M.L.A, M.P., PhD. etc.

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