English Grammar Tutorials

  • Preface & Content
  • Letter, Word, Sentence
  • Parts of speech
  • Pronoun
  • Adjective
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  • Number and Gender
  • Person and Case
  • Mood and Modal verbs
  • Tense
  • Clause
  • Voice
  • Narration
  • Punctuation
  • Preposition
  • Conjunction
  • Participles and Gerunds
  • Transformation of sentences
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  • Simple Conjugate
  • Chapter 10. Tense (Cont'd...)


    Summary of tense

    Table 10.2 Form of verbs in different tenses

    Present Past Future
    1. Indefinite/simple verb present form verb past form shall/will +verb present form
    2. Continuous am/is/are +verb+ing was/were+ verb +ing shall/ will be + verb+ing +verb+ing
    3. Perfect have/has+verb PP had +verb PP shall/will have +verb+PP
    4. Perfect continuous have/has been +verb +ing had been +verb +ing shall/will have been +verb+ing +verb+ing

    10.6 Rule of making past participle form of verbs by adding ‘d’/‘ed’

    The past, past participle (PP) form of the verbs which can not be made with adding ‘ed’, have been provided in appendix. Here we summarize the rule for making past participle by adding ‘d’ or ‘ed’.

    1. Week verbs ended with a consonant just after a single vowel, double their last consonant in time of adding ‘ed’. For example: beg+ed=begged, drag+ed=dragged, nod+ed=nodded, hop+ed=hopped, dip+ed=dipped, rub+ed=rubbed etc.

    2. Verbs ended with ‘y’ and preceded by consonant change the ‘y’ into ‘i’ and then they take ‘ed’. Such as cry+ed=cried, try+ed=tried, carry+ed=carried, fry+ed=fried.

    Some week verbs ended with ‘e’ take only ‘d’ at the end to be in the forms of past and past participle as shown in Table 10.3.

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