Chapter 12. Voice
Consider the following two sentences:
a. I love him.
b. He is loved by me.
Both the sentences express the same thing. In the first sentence `I' is the subject
and `love' is the verb. Here the doer or the agent is the
subject who performs the action. But in the second sentence `He' is the subject but `He' is not the
doer or the agent and `He' suffers the action done by him. Observe minutely that the form of the verb
also has been changed, while the meaning of the sentence remains unchanged.
Thus when the subject of the verb is the doer or active agent, the form of the verb
is in active voice, while the subject of the sentence is not the doer or agent but is acted upon, the verb
is in passive voice.
Thus the same meaning/idea/ action of the verb can be expressed in two forms.
One is active and other is passive. In the first sentence above `I' is the subject `love' is the verb and `him' is the object and the verb is transitive.
In the second sentence `he' is the subject and `is loved' is the verb and `me' is the object.
Subject of a sentence can be found out from the answer if we ask the verb by who.
Similarly, if we ask the verb by whom/ what the answers are generally object.
Thus the same idea can be expressed in two verbs, if the verb becomes transitive.
Thus two forms are 1. active voice 2. passive voice.
12.1 Rules of changing voice from active to passive
First of all you see whether the verb is transitive or intransitive. Generally
intransitive verb cannot be changed into passive voice.
Then find out the subject by questioning the verb with who and the object
by questioning the verb with what/ whom.
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