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English Grammar Tutorials

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  • Chapter 12. Voice (Cont'd...)

    voice

    12.1 Rules of changing voice from active to passive (cont'd...)

    More examples of active and passive voice expressing the same idea are provided below:

    Active: He reads a book.
    Passive: A book is read by him.

    Active: He is reading a book.
    Passive: A book is being read by him.

    Active: He has read a book.
    Passive: A book has been read by him.

    Active: He read a book.
    Passive: A book was read by him.

    Active: He was reading a book.
    Passive: A book was being read by him.

    Active: He had read a book.
    Passive: A book had been read by him.

    Active: He will read a book.
    Passive: A book will be read by him.

    Active: He will have read a book.
    Passive: A book will have been read by him.

    when there are two objects, one object will be the subject and the other will remain as the object. The object is called retained object.

    Active: He gave me a book.
    Passive: A book was given me by him./ I was given a book by him.

    Here ‘me’ and ‘book’ are the retained objects.

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