tutorialpoint.org

B.Pharm Lab. Instruction Manuals

Pharmacology I

APHE Anatomy, Physiology, and Health Education

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Pharmacy study material

Bones and Skeleton System

Bone disease (Gout) (Rheumatoid arthritis) (Osteoarthritis) (Osteoporosis)

Cancer and music therapy

Memory of water

Synovial joints: classification

a) Plane (planner)

Slightly curved joint which allows the gliding movement. eg intercarpal, intertarsal, sternocostal (between sternum and 2nd to 7th pairs of ribs), vertebrocostal joints.

b) Hinge

Convex surface of a bone fits to the concave surface of other bpne; allows flexion-extension type of movement. eg knee, elbow, ankle, interphalangeal joints.

c) Pivot

Rounded surface of one bone fit to the ring of other bone; allows rotation type of movement. eg atlanto-axial (joint in the upper part of the neck between the first and second cervical vertebrae; the atlas and axis) and radioulnar joints.

d) Condyloid

Ova shaped projection of one bone fits to the oval shaped depression of another bone; allows flexion-extension and abduction-adduction types of movements. eg radio-carpal and metacarpophalangeal joints.

d) Saddle (sellar)

Articular surface of one bone sits to the articular saddle-shaped structure of other bone. It allows flexion-extension and abduction-adduction types of movements. eg carpometacarpal joints between trapezium and metacarpal of thumb.

e) Ball and socket

Ball like surface of one joint fits to the cup like depression of other bone. It allows flexion-extension and abduction-adduction types of movements. eg shoulder and hip joints.

synovial joints

Courtesy: http://www.highlands.edu/academics/divisions/scipe/biology/faculty/harnden/2121/images/synovialtypes.jpg

< Prev.Page   1   2  3   4  5  6   7   8  9   10   11  12   13   14  15   16   17  Next page>