B.Pharm Lab. Instruction Manuals

Pharmacology I

APHE Anatomy, Physiology, and Health Education

Pharmaceutical Analysis

Pharmacy study material

Bones and Skeleton System

Bone disease (Gout) (Rheumatoid arthritis) (Osteoarthritis) (Osteoporosis)

Cancer and music therapy

Memory of water

How is a cancer classified?

Red ribbon

Classification of cancer

There are five broad groups that are used to classify cancer.

(i) Carcinomas are characterized by cells that cover internal and external parts of the body such as lung, breast, and colon cancer.

(ii) Sarcomas are characterized by cells that are located in bone, cartilage, fat, connective tissue, muscle, and other supportive tissues.

(iii) Lymphomas are cancers that begin in the lymph nodes and immune system tissues.

(iv) Leukemias are cancers that begin in the bone marrow and often accumulate in the bloodstream.

(v) Adenomas are cancers that arise in the thyroid, the pituitary gland, the adrenal gland, and other glandular tissues.

Cancers are often referred to by terms that contain a prefix related to the cell type in which the cancer originated and a suffix such as -sarcoma, -carcinoma, or just -oma. Common prefixes include:

Adeno - = gland

Chondro - = cartilage

Erythro - = red blood cell

Hemangio - = blood vessels

Hepato - = liver

Lipo - = fat

Lympho - = white blood cell

Melano - = pigment cell

Myelo - = bone marrow

Myo - = muscle

Osteo - = bone

Uro - = bladder

Retino - = eye

Neuro - = brain

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